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File #: 2018-0377    Version:
Type: Ordinance Status: Passed
File created: 8/20/2018 In control: Mobility Committee
On agenda: Final action: 9/17/2018
Enactment date: 9/26/2018 Enactment #: 18789
Title: AN ORDINANCE creating an alternative resolution process for transit fare enforcement; adopting a reporting requirement; adding a new section to K.C.C. chapter 28.96 and adding a new section to K.C.C. chapter 2.16.
Sponsors: Claudia Balducci, Jeanne Kohl-Welles
Indexes: Enforcement, transit
Code sections: 28.96 - .
Attachments: 1. Ordinance 18789.pdf, 2. 2018-0377 legislative review form, 3. 2018-0377 transmittal letter, 4. 2018-0377 fiscal note, 5. 2018-0377_SR_Fare_Enforcement.docx, 6. 2018-0377_ATT3_FAQ - Alternative Fare Enforcement Process.docx, 7. 2018-0377 Striking Amendment Final.docx, 8. 2018-0377 Strkg Amndt 1 Redline Final.docx, 9. 2018-0377 Title Amendment v.2 Ritzen 09-04-18.docx, 10. 2018-0377_REVISED_SR_Fare_Enforcement.docx, 11. 18789 Amendment 1 - 9-17-18.pdf
Staff: Curry, Clifton
Title
AN ORDINANCE creating an alternative resolution process for transit fare enforcement; adopting a reporting requirement; adding a new section to K.C.C. chapter 28.96 and adding a new section to K.C.C. chapter 2.16.
Body
PREAMBLE:
In order to maximize fare box collection consistent with state law, the county implemented code making failure to present a valid, unexpired pass, transfer or ticket or otherwise failing to pay the appropriate fare as required under county ordinance a civil infraction or a misdemeanor, depending on the offender's age. The county refers fare evasion citations to district court, resulting in additional and unrecoverable costs to the transit enterprise fund.
A 2018 audit conducted by the King County auditor's office found the transit division's fare enforcement model may be contributing to negative and inequitable outcomes, particularly for riders experiencing homelessness or housing insecurity.
The 2018 audit also found the division needs more data collection, rigorous evaluation, and performance management to evaluate and improve the fare enforcement program's effectiveness at deterring fare evasion.
The transit division agreed with the recommendations made in the 2018 audit, took several initial actions related to the findings, and is moving forward with conducting a fare enforcement program review and developing a performance management system.
The purpose of this ordinance is to create an opportunity for people who do not pay a fare to resolve their violations through an alternative resolution process removing the direct connection between the courts and a fare evasion citation. The ordinance aims to advance equity and social justice goals by minimizing the likelihood that the enforcement process leads to a criminal record for those who cannot afford to pay the violation fee. This ordinance also aims to minimize unnecessary costs. The new process is consistent with fare enforcement authorized by RCW 7.80.040, 7.80.050, 7.80.0...

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